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Understanding Value Investing

RL090 – Understanding Value Investing

Today on the Retirement Lifestyle Show, Roshan Loungani, Erik Olson, and Adrian Nicholson analyze the past, present, and future performance of value stocks. They talk about the importance of value stocks, the value trap, and the performance comparison between value and growth stocks.

[01:31] What are Value Stocks and Why are They so Important?

[05:50] Defining Book Value

[10:30] The Value Trap

[15:31] Value Stocks Versus Growth Stocks Performance

[20:00] Future Performance Comparison Between Value and Growth Stocks

[21:51] Growth Minus Value in the Large, Mid, and Small-Cap Stocks

[28:33] Did you Miss the Value Turn?

[36:12] What to Expect from Value Stocks in the Next 10 Years

[37:40] Parting Thoughts

For more links and the full show notes keep scrolling down!

Roshan Loungani can be reached at or at 202-536-4468.

Erik Olson can be reached at or 815-940-4652.

Adrian Nicholson can be reached at or at 703-915-8905.

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Full Show Notes:

What are Value Stocks, and Why are They So Important?

No matter the time, investors are constantly trying strategies that at least try to beat the market. One such proven investment approach that has stood the test of time is value investing. The likes of Warren Buffett made their empires investing in stocks that were underpriced and selling or reducing their positions when they became overpriced. A value stock is simply a security trading at a lower price than what the company’s performance or future growth potential may otherwise indicate. Most financial experts believe value investing works because it makes investors buy low and sell high. Some of the common characteristics of value stocks include a low price-to-book ratio, high dividend yield, and a low price-to-earnings ratio. However, only analyzing these three metrics when chasing value stocks often leads to something called the value trap.

The Value Trap

A value trap is a stock that appears to be cheaply priced because the metrics we’ve mentioned above have been trading at low valuations for an extended time period. The primary reason it’s called a trap is that investors looking for a bargain find the stocks to be inexpensive and therefore attractive relative to historical valuation multiples or the prevailing market multiple. The danger of a value trap is highlighted when the stock continues to languish or drop further after an investor buys into the company. This could be because the stocks lack the catalysts to grow earnings per share or sales that attract investors and push stock prices up. Remember, your results can be very disappointing when you invest in a stock primarily based on low price-to-book or price-to-earnings ratios.

Value Stocks Versus Growth Stocks Performance

Growth stocks are investment opportunities that have the potential to outperform the overall market over time. These are companies that are growing faster than most competitor companies and often have innovative products that change how the industry operates. On the other hand, value stocks, as mentioned earlier, are stocks that are currently trading below what they are really worth and boast the potential to provide a superior return. So, which investment option is better?

First, your risk tolerance and investment horizon should be a significant deciding factor. Growth stocks might not be the best option for you if you are close to retirement or already retired due to their more risky and volatile nature. Furthermore, growth stocks usually do not pay dividends in the first couple of years as the company tries to reinvest its money back into growing the business. Interestingly, growth has outperformed value over the last decade or so. But if the trends we saw in 2020/2021 are anything to go by, things are about to change. Value stocks caught up and briefly outperformed growth stocks, making many people believe that value is poised to outperform growth over the course of the following years.

"Did I Miss the Value Turn" by Research Affiliates

All opinions expressed by podcast hosts and guests are solely their own. While based on information that they believe is reliable, neither Arete Wealth nor its affiliates warrant its completeness or accuracy, nor do their opinions reflect the opinion of Arete Wealth. This podcast is for general informational purposes only, and should not be regarded as specific advice or recommendations for any individual. Before making any decisions, consult a professional.

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